Adventure travel is a buzzword as troublesome as ecotourism.
We even talk about the 'planned adventure.' Adventure travel
means different things to different people. "The last thing
we need is for academics to suck the life out of 'adventure
travel' by defining it," says Michael Kaye, owner of Costa
Rica Expeditions and leading adventure travel provider.
The adventure traveler takes physical risks so safety standards
need to be evaluated quite thoroughly. The adventure travel
market is said to be growing, but given that it encompasses
so many types of activities and travelers, the term remains
Tourism industry leaders often use terms that travelers themselves
do not use. One example is "alternative tourism" which makes
sense in distinguishing a niche from the more established market.
But we need to ask, how long does alternative remain alternative?
Travelers rarely request 'alternative tourism' by that name.
Instead, they ask for what they are seeking -- adventure, education,
sports, religion, gay and lesbian events, experiences with communities,
and the list goes on and on. Travelers opt for what they enjoy
-- and during a trip, a traveler focuses on following one's
Digression -- consider the implications of desire
The problem with 'alternative tourism' is that it defines itself
by what it is not. In this case 'alternative' tourism contrasts
with 'traditional tourism.' A similar case could be made for
(Non Governmental Organizations).
Again, travelers rarely describe themselves or their interests
as 'alternative.' And the services or destinations they choose
are those that motivate and engage, not the 'other choice.'
What is an alternative to some is a priority for others.
Many travelers want to visit local farms. They want to know
what is growing in the field and they have an insatiable curiosity
about what's on the menu. Sometimes called 'farm tourism,' agritourism
includes visits to working farms for leisure purposes. Accommodation
may be available. References are included on our Agriculture
Carrotmob, as defined
by Wordspy is an event where people support an environmentally-friendly
store by gathering en masse to purchase the store's products.
A new amalgamation of our favorite tourism trends is called
'civic tourism' and puts cultural tourism, heritage tourism
and ecotourism into the pot and focuses on place.
Civic tourism reframes the purpose of tourism from an end to
a means. Says Dan Shilling, "Civic tourism is about appreciating
tourism as a public good, valuing it as a public responsibility
and practicing it as a public art." This changes tourism
from a market-driven growth goal to a tool that can help the
public preserve and enhance what they love about their place.
There are two definitions of 'geotourism' -- one used in Australia
and one promoted by National Geographic: "Tourism that sustains
or enhances the geographical character of a place -- its environment,
culture, aesthetics, heritage, and the well-being of its residents."
More details via the PDF
file from National Geographic. Wiki
Tourism that respects natural and built environments, in short
the heritage of the people and place, is called 'heritage tourism.'
Renewed appreciation for historical milestones, the development
of 'heritage trails' linking cultural landmarks produce new
tourism services and products that can assist local economies.
Another misnomer. Travelers who make solo treks or in small
groups see themselves as 'independent.' And in many ways they
are -- they choose their itinerary and destination. That said,
they are usually part of a longer chain of visitors.
In terms of spending, they run the range from goldcard-carrying
spenders to budget travelers or 'supertourists' -- visitors
who make their food purchases in supermarkets. Says Catherine
Mack: "Until all the big companies are totally transparent
about the impact they are having on a destination, I opt for
independent travel. That way you can see exactly where your
money is going, and meet the people who are making big personal
investments into sharing what they love most about their homeland."
The Local Travel
Movement was initiated by a core coalition of people from
companies that believe Local Travel is greater than the sum
of its parts. Local Travel companies can help give locals a
real voice, engage travellers and develop a stronger ethical
dialogue within the travel industry. Leaders propose four easy
steps to becoming a local traveler:
• connecting with local people before,
during and after a trip
• traveling in a manner that is sensitive
to the local environment
• respecting local heritage and culture
• spending money locally.
While these actions may seem self-evident, the Local Travel
Movement prioritizes this conscious and conscientious shift
in attention to the direct connection between visitor and local
host. For travelers it's a chance to get under a place's skin
(and let it under theirs), while also making the most of their
travel time and saving money by spending locally. For host communities,
it is vital for enforcing the beneficial qualities of tourism,
maximizing a general awareness of the local culture and minimizing
'leakage' from the local economy.
and visitors have long cared about place,
but only since the 80s has the notion become articulated as
a concept worthy of reflection and review. Events such as Media,
Environment and Tourism Conference focused on the urgent
need to improve media coverage of place as opposed
The notion that tourism could be "sustainable" is part of the
dialogue on sustainable
development. The goal is that development meet the needs
of the present tourists and locals while protecting future opportunities.
That said ... isn't the concept a bit presumptuous? How do you
develop sustainability in an on-demand world with a short-attention
AKA SERVICE LEARNING