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Photo: NASA, Baltic Sea

The Baltic states, or simply, the Baltics are the three countries in northern Europe on the eastern coast of the Baltic Sea: Estonia, Latvia, and Lithuania. The Baltic states cooperate on a regional level in several intergovernmental organizations, principally through the Baltic Assembly.

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Baltic Sea Tourism Forum

Name in other languages (Wikipedia): The Baltic Sea was known in ancient Latin language sources as Mare Suebicum or even Mare Germanicum. “Baltic Sea” is used in Modern English; in the Baltic languages Latvian (Baltijas jūra; in Old Latvian it was referred to as “the Big Sea”, while the present day Gulf of Riga was referred to as “the Little Sea”) and Lithuanian (Baltijos jūra); in Latin (Mare Balticum) and the Romance languages French (Mer Baltique), Italian (Mar Baltico), Portuguese and Spanish (Mar Báltico) and Romanian (Marea Baltică) and; in Greek (Βαλτική Θάλασσα Valtikí Thálassa); in Albanian (Deti Balltik); in Welsh (Môr Baltig); in the Slavic languages Polish (Morze Bałtyckie or Bałtyk), Czech (Baltské moře or Balt), Slovenian (Baltsko morje), Bulgarian (Балтийско море Baltijsko More), Kashubian (Bôłt), Macedonian (Балтичко Море Baltičko More), Ukrainian (Балтійське море Baltijs′ke More), Belarusian (Балтыйскае мора Baltyjskaje Mora), Russian (Балтийское море Baltiyskoye More) and Serbo-Croatian (Baltičko more / Балтичко море); in Hungarian (Balti-tenger). In Germanic languages, except English, “East Sea” is used, as in Afrikaans (Oossee), Danish (Østersøen [ˈøstɐˌsøˀn̩]), Dutch (Oostzee), German (Ostsee), Icelandic and Faroese (Eystrasalt), Norwegian (Bokmål: Østersjøen [ˈø̂stəˌʂøːn]; Nynorsk: Austersjøen), and Swedish (Östersjön). In Old English it was known as Ostsǣ; also in Hungarian the former name was Keleti-tenger (“East-sea”, due to German influence). In addition, Finnish, a Finnic language, uses the term term Itämeri “East Sea”, possibly a calque from a Germanic language. As the Baltic is not particularly eastward in relation to Finland, the use of this term may be a leftover from the period of Swedish rule. In another Finnic language, Estonian, it is called the “West Sea” (Läänemeri), with the correct geography (the sea is west of Estonia). In South Estonian, it has the meaning of both “West Sea” and “Evening Sea” (Õdagumeri).

Elsewhere on the Web
Great Baltic Travel
Vivaford Library
Baltic Times@thebaltictimesFlickr

Baltic Sea
Baltic states
List of national parks in the Baltics
Hanseatic League


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