Photo: Hamed Saber, Kariz (Some rights reserved)
Iran is bordered on the north by Armenia, Azerbaijan, and Turkmenistan. As Iran on the Caspian Sea, Kazakhstan, and Russia are also Iran’s direct neighbors to the north. Iran is bordered on the east by Afghanistan, and Pakistan, on the south by the Persian Gulf and the Gulf of Oman, and on the west by Turkey and Iraq. Tehran is the capital.