Photo: Ville Miettinen, Temple Bar (Dublin) (Some rights reserved)
Ireland is an island nation located in the North Atlantic Ocean, west of Great Britain. It is the third-largest island in Europe and the twentieth-largest island in the world.
The country of Ireland is divided into four provinces: Connacht, Leinster, Munster, and Ulster. The capital and largest city is Dublin, located in the east of the island.
The geography of Ireland is varied and diverse. The island is mostly composed of low-lying mountains and hills, with the highest peak being Carrauntoohil in County Kerry. The coastline is rugged and indented, with many bays, inlets, and peninsulas. The interior of the island is mostly flat, with the central plain known as the Central Lowlands.
Irish culture is strongly influenced by its Celtic roots, with traditional music, dance, and storytelling being popular forms of entertainment. Irish literature is renowned for its wit and humor, and Irish art is renowned for its intricate designs and vibrant colors. Irish cuisine is also renowned for its hearty dishes, such as Irish stew and colcannon.
Ireland is famous for its festivals, the most notable being St. Patrick’s Day, which is celebrated with parades and parties throughout the country.
Ireland has two official languages, English and Gaeilge (Irish). While everybody learns both at school, less than 5% of the population speaks Gaeilge on a daily basis.
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