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Juneteenth is the oldest known celebration commemorating the ending of slavery in the United States. And starting in 2021, a federal holiday.

Juneteenth.com: Dating back to 1865, it was on June 19th that the Union soldiers, led by Major General Gordon Granger, landed at Galveston, Texas with news that the war had ended and that the enslaved were now free. Note that this was two and a half years after President Lincoln’s Emancipation Proclamation – which had become official January 1, 1863. The Emancipation Proclamation had little impact on the Texans due to the minimal number of Union troops to enforce the new Executive Order. However, with the surrender of General Lee in April of 1865, and the arrival of General Granger’s regiment, the forces were finally strong enough to influence and overcome the resistance.

Key Links

Celebrating Juneteenth in Galveston – Paris Review
Senate Unanimously Approves A Bill To Make Juneteenth A Public Holiday – NPR
Philadelphia mayor declares Juneteenth a city holiday
Juneteenth: Freedom’s promise is still denied to thousands of blacks unable to make bail – The Conversation

Elsewhere on the Web

Embedded Tweets

Emancipation Day, 1913. Corpus Christi, Texas

Emancipation Proclamation



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