Photo: Ken Lund
Kīlauea is the youngest and southeastern most volcano on the Island of Hawai‘i. Topographically Kīlauea appears as only a bulge on the southeastern flank of Mauna Loa, and so for many years Kīlauea was thought to be a mere satellite of its giant neighbor, not a separate volcano. However, research over the past few decades shows clearly that Kīlauea has its own magma-plumbing system, extending to the surface from more than 60 km deep in the earth.
Kīlauea is the home of Pele, the Hawaiian volcano goddess. Hawaiian chants and oral traditions tell in veiled form of many eruptions fomented by an angry Pele before the first European, the missionary Rev. William Ellis, saw the summit in 1823. The caldera was the site of nearly continuous activity during the 19th century and the early part of this century. Since 1952 there have been 34 eruptions, and since January 1983 eruptive activity has been continuous along the East Rift Zone. In March 2008, a vent also opened in Halema‘uma‘u Crater at the volcano’s summit. The summit crater hosts an active lava pond and a vigorous gas plume. Kīlauea ranks among the world’s most active volcanoes and may even top the list. – volcanoes.usgs.gov
It’s quiet now. Violent earthquakes and the deafening roar of collapsing ground no longer reverberate and echo across a vast and growing caldera chasm. Soon many will visit Kīlauea and gaze in stupefying awe at the colossal and undeniable power of the world’s most active volcano. pic.twitter.com/yYMRihyrRI
— Hawaii Volcanoes NPS (@Volcanoes_NPS) September 3, 2018
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🎨Kīlauea has inspired artists for a long time. One such group was the "Volcano School," a generation of non-native Hawaiian painters who portrayed the island's volcanoes in the late 19th & early 20th centuries.
Pictured: Kīlauea Volcano at night by William Twigg Smith, 1917 pic.twitter.com/hFTNABeRpc
— Hawaii Volcanoes NPS (@Volcanoes_NPS) August 29, 2019
Hawai’i Volcanoes National Park