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Photo: Vidur Malhotra , Mumbai

Mumbai (previously known as Bombay, the official name until 1995) is the capital city of the state of Maharashtra. It is the most populous city in India with an estimated city proper population of 12.4 million as of 2011.

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Recommended Listening
On the tip of a billion tongues: Mumbai – Mumbai is a city built on water and money, immortalized in literature, film, and cricket statistics, where the sun rises and rises on business empires.

Mumbai Falls In Love All Over Again With Its Forgotten Fountains

Mani Bhavan
Gandhi Museum

Elsewhere on the Web
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Bombay Natural History Society
An illustrated timeline of the Bombay Natural History Society- project for @BNHSIndia

Victorian and Art Deco Ensemble of Mumbai
The Victorian and Art Deco Ensemble of Mumbai is a collection of 19th century Victorian Neo Gothic public buildings and 20th century Art Deco buildings in the Fort area of Mumbai in Maharashtra, India. This collection of the Victorian Gothic buildings and Art Deco buildings are set around the Oval Maidan, a large recreational ground that was once known as the Esplanade. The east of the Oval is flanked by the Victorian Gothic public buildings and the western side is flanked by the Art Deco buildings of Backbay Reclamation and Marine Drive.

The nomination of the Victorian and Art Deco Ensemble of Mumbai as a World Heritage site will be discussed at this week’s World Heritage Committee meeting, #42WHC.

https://whc.unesco.org/en/tentativelists/5740/: At the heart of the historic centre of Mumbai (formerly Bombay), lies the Fort Heritage Precinct. This marks the footprint of the 19th century fortified city of Bombay and though the fort walls were mostly torn down in the 1860s under the Governorship of Sir Bartle Frere, the name persists in public memory and is a protected heritage precinct under the Heritage Regulations for Greater Bombay 1995.

West of the fort walls, the expanse of land that was once called the Esplanade, is today the historic cricketing ground of Oval Maidan. This vast open space lies at the heart of the proposed Property. To the East of the Oval lies the historic Fort area with its monumental 19th century Victorian Neo Gothic public buildings and to its West, stand the 20th century Art Deco buildings of Backbay Reclamation and Marine Drive. Together, these two architectural ensembles constitute the most remarkable collection of Victorian and Art Deco buildings, the largest such conglomeration of these two genres of architecture in the world.

The legendary cricketing ground, the Oval Maidan separates two radically different genres of Mumbai’s architectural evolution. It forms a spectacular and unique urban scenario, with an expanse of open space between the 19th century Victorian Gothic buildings of the Bombay High Court, University and Old Secretariat to its east and the 20th century development of the Art Deco of the Backbay Reclamation Scheme and Marine Drive to the west.

Art Deco Tour of Mumbai

The Victorian and Art Deco_Ensemble of Mumbai


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