home Open Access Open Links

Open Links

Photo: Zion National Park

Links related to Open Access, Open Educational Resources and all things open presented in somewhat random fashion:


Database: The Journal of Biological Databases and Curation academic.oup.com/database – provides an open access platform for the presentation of novel ideas in database research surrounding biological information, and aims to help strengthen the bridge between database developers, curators, and users.

Open Publishing Fest, May 2020
Open Publishing Fest celebrates communities developing open creative, scholarly, technological, and civic publishing projects. This is at once a collaborative and distributed event. Sessions are hosted by individuals and organizations around the world as panel discussions, fireside chats, demonstrations, and performances. We connect those points to bring them in conversation with one another and map out what’s next.

Beyond Diversity: Justice in Open Communities
12pm Friday New Zealand / 5pm Thursday Pacific (Las Vegas)


Open link in new tab


MIT, guided by open access principles, ends Elsevier negotiations
Open access to collections is a no-brainer – it’s a clear-cut extension of any museum’s mission – Apollo Magazine
How federal agencies can make better /open government webpages@EPluribusUnum
The Future Of Open Access: Why Has Academia Not Embraced The Internet Revolution?
nature-communications-is-becoming-fully-open-access@joergheber @NatureComms
Free the knowledge
Let’s shine a light on paywalls that deny open access to scientific research
Open Access — yes you can@Stephen_Curry
Open Access for University of Texas Libraries?

Ready OER Not, Here We Come? Planning for Open, Sustainable, & Learning-Analytics-Ready Resources

Translating Open Access Week
Spanish: Semana de Acceso Abierto

Translating: Set the Default to Open
Spanish: Establecer el Valor Prederminado a Abierto
(double checking, there has to be something better than this, more on openaccessweek.org)

Key Links


How is International Open Access Week translated in other languages?

What are the notable publications and resources made available this year in Open Access format in the following categories:

  • Travel and Tourism?
  • Parks and Protected Areas?
  • Travel and Tourism in Parks and Protected Areas?

Open in Action
Open in Action: 2016 Open Access Week (October 24-30) #OAweek @SPARC_NA

Open Access 16
Example: Bodleian First Folio
Welcome to the digital facsimile of the Bodleian First Folio of Shakespeare’s plays, Arch. G c.7. This has been made possible by the generous support of the donors to the Sprint for Shakespeare public campaign (August to December 2012). We are grateful to them all, and hope that you will enjoy becoming part of the story of the First Folio.

Find out more about this book’s remarkable history, the campaign, and the work that led to its digitization.

@OERConf @OldFortunatus #OER16 #libraries

http://www.nls.uk/[email protected]

Open with Care – Melissa Highton
At OER16 Melissa discusses the challenges for leadership in open educational resources, the role of universities in open knowledge communities and reflect upon the returns and costs associated with institutional investment. ‘There are shared areas of the internet, where we all have a civic responsibility to contribute and participate. The big cultural organisations such as universities have an important role to play’.

Soundbytes 5:50 Famous Sheep 6:30 10,000 distance education students in Edinburgh 7:15 Trick is to get the OER vision to match the mission by the university

New in 2015
How is it, or can it be, in the interests of communities to invest in making their knowledge less exclusive and more public? What do they get in return? By placing (or re-placing) the interests of communities at the centre we can understand, and cut through, the apparent dilemma that “information wants to be free” but that it also “wants to be expensive”. By understanding the limits on open open knowledge we can push them, so that, in the limit, they are as close to open as they can be.
@citylis @CameronNeylon



History: Begun in 2007 as the National Day of Action for Open Access, the event was originally a partnership between SPARC and students who organized local events on a handful of campuses across the USA. Since then, both student involvement in Open Access and Open Access Week itself have grown exponentially. SPARC’s student program, The Right to Research Coalition, has grown to more than 75 member student organizations, which collectively represent nearly seven million students in more than 100 countries around the world. The energy, creativity, and passion of the next generation that sparked the National Day of Action for Open Access in 2007 can now be seen in projects like the Open Access Button, a student-developed tool that helps users find freely available copies of pay walled articles. SPARC encourages advocates around the world to use the week as a catalyst for raising awareness of Open Access and to build a dialogue with the next generation about shaping the system of scholarly communication that they will inherit.

Planeta.com Wishlist: We’d like to see connections among tourism and conservation professionals and academics. Are statistics freely available? Are scholarly reports accessible? We will spotlight good examples

Open for Collaboration: 2015 Open Access Week, Oct 19-25 #openaccess

Events around the World
Berkeley, California: participative-bay-area-oa-week-event-for-generation-open

Kick Off Event: World Bank
Transcript: https://docs.google.com/document/d/10vFhPIDCDw0T-0YMiMBO5jHWqMHvy1yW4c-rZGI0R8U/edit

Artwork / Cue Yourself
Buzzword Bingo: Open = Allowing access, passage or a view
Buzzword Bingo: Creative Commons @creativecommons

How do we collaborate? = ¿Como podemos collaborar? #Roofdog #oaweek #OpenAccess


Recommended Listening
Open access – Easy access to published scientific and medical research can drive policy and real results.

Big Deals in the knowledge business: how scholarly publishing divides academia – The battle to control information in the world of science, technology, and medical publishing

Some terms
Open access is free and unrestricted online access to and liberal re-use of material*.
Gold open access is* immediate OA publication ** on a publisher’s site, often involving payment of an article processing charge (APC).
Green open access describes the practice of authors making papers available in public repositories.
Fully open access journals publish all content within the journal on an open access basis.
Hybrid open access journals publish a mixture of open access and non-open access content.

Gold and Green Open Access
Español (Spanish)



World Bank
Open access literature is digital, free of charge and does not have the copyright and licensing restrictions.

PLOS (Public Library of Science) is a nonprofit organization and publisher whose goal is to establish more open, efficient, and effective ways to communicate new ideas and discoveries. Everything published is freely available online throughout the world.

The growing inaccessibility of science

Recommended Reading
Open Access by Peter Suber

How open is it?

Recent Events
October 21-27 Open Access Week is an annual scholarly event which takes place during the last full week of October in a multitude of locations both on- and offline around the world. Activities include talks, seminars, symposia, or the announcement of open access mandates and other milestones.

The theme of 2013’s Open Access Week is “Redefining Impact.” If there are any takeaways from previous efforts in opening and sharing access to information is that what is most effective is the most widely understood. Meaningful interaction with knowledge requires that we learn how to communicate across sectors. If we truly engage people at all points of the dialogue, then the impact we can make will the greatest and the most surprising.

Ron Mader: “I am currently unable to organize a local ‘open access’ event when locals have no understanding of what ‘open access’ means. It may be understood theoretically, but these words are outside the vocabulary. Let me explain. I live in southern Mexico where few people speak English. Trying to explain concepts like ‘open access’ is a big challenge. I welcome any suggestions on introducing the ideas and hosting a walk-and-talk to explore them in depth.”

Questions: Is there a way to connect the noble ideas of Open Access Week with traditional conferences? Would anyone be interested in editing a ‘call to action’ for event planners to make their information and events open access? Could we create an ‘open access’ scorecard for academic publications and international events?

Official Spin
Check out what groups are doing with Article Level Metrics to change the way scholarly communication is measured—read the SPARC Innovator article on the creators of the San Francisco Declaration on Research Assessment (DORA).

Start planning and posting your events now to get maximum participation!

Some ideas for collateral at your events: use the official templates to create buttons, flyers, stickers to hand out and promote open access at your events. Create posters to have as backdrops to your speakers.

Are there people right on your campus who could speak? Has your campus been using Open Access Funds? Showcase your progress. See how other campuses are using their funds.

To help you start planning watch the SPARC Webcast with Brian Glanz on Hackathon’s.

Libraries Host Events Highlighting Open Access Week, 10/21-10/25 (Austin, Texas)

@gmcmahon @Stephen_Curry @niamhmbrennan @ersatzben @davidecarroll @LibraryatQUB
#OAweek #QUBOA

October 22-28 Open Access Week

OA Week is an invaluable chance to connect the global momentum toward open sharing with the advancement of policy changes on the local level.

Here is the final version of the Open Access Spectrum Guide (OAS) so that people can download and print it for their use next week and beyond.


Sep 27 Connecting the Dots between Open Access and Open Educational Resources

Open access is an inevitable consequence of the internet.

Open Access Button
Creative Commons: November 18 marks the launch of the Open Access Button, a browser bookmark tool that allows users to report when they hit paywalled access to academic articles and discover open access versions of that research. The button was created by university students David Carroll and Joseph McArthur, and announced at the Berlin 11 Student and Early Stage Researcher Satellite Conference.

Here’s how the Open Access Button works: Every time you hit a paywall blocking your research, click the button. Fill out a short form, add your experience to the map along with thousands of others. Then use the tools to search for access to papers and spread the word.

Buzzword Bingo: Open Access Button @OA_Button @Open_access @OpenAccessNow

Sorry, the Button does not work on pages like this. You might want to check the instructions for help. If you think it should work here, file a bug.

Embedded Tweets

More Slideshare Presentations
Open Practices for the Connected Researcher from Brian Kelly

Visit Open Access Week

Green Access

What’s not open?

This article is available to AAAS members. If you are a AAAS Member use your via AAAS ID and password to log in. Not a member? Click here to join.

What would you like more open?Publications

Open Education Week

⚡️ Free textbooks! “Open Education Week”

More about 2017
Open Education Global 2017: Principle, Strategy, and Commitment to Growth

While the early days of open education were largely about OER, things have evolved a lot over the last 10 years. Now we’re talking about open educational practices, open pedagogy, open education policy, MOOC’s, entire OER degrees, and open education research. Despite this clear evolution, open education is still not considered mainstream. In the closing session a panel and the audience engaged in putting forward ideas for advancing the movement further – the new Cape Town Open Education Declaration +10 ideas will be forthcoming in the weeks ahead. My own personal contribution was to suggest that the various open education movements, including OER, Open Access research publishing, open data, and open science are all currently operating as independent silos and may be more impactful if efforts were put into unifying them into a more synergistic whole.
Paul Stacey

March 22, 2017

oe global
Is it too early to SAVE THE DATE? #oeglobal18 is exactly one year away! April 24 – 26, 2018.

Older Headlines
Cable Green advocates for an open license for all publicly funded educational resources – UNESCO
The impact of open access scientific knowledge@darrwest
Openly Licensed Educational Resources: Providing Equitable Access to Education for All Learners – White House

Open educational resources are free to use, remix and share.

“Open Education is, at its core, about free and open sharing. Free, meaning no cost, and open, which refers to the use of legal tools (open licenses) that give everyone permission to reuse and modify educational resources. Free and open sharing increases access to education and knowledge for anyone, anywhere, anytime. It allows people to make changes to materials or to combine resources in new ways to build something new. Open Education incorporates free and open learning communities, educational networks, teaching and learning materials, open textbooks, open data, open scholarship, open source educational tools and on and on. Open Education gives people access to knowledge, provides platforms for sharing, enables innovation, and connects communities of learners and educators around the world.” – http://www.openeducationweek.org/about-open-education

Open edX
@jonobacon keynote! #openedx2016


Essay (earlier version on the 2014 blog)
For the past few years we have seen our colleagues laboring toward the goal of improving public awareness of biodiversity conservation, responsible travel and many other noble aspirations. There are heaps of academic programs for students. Why are we not enjoying the boom years of authentic ecotourism and sustainable development?

My answer is that our leaders have yet to celebrate openness. Meetings are held behind closed doors (or open doors with hefty admission fees). Journal articles are published behind a paywall. And then they complain of the lack of public support for protected areas or endangered species.

We are failing to meet the goals of the Aichi biodiversity targets because the Aichi biodiversity targets are not in the common lexicon. The UN and UNEP celebrate World Wildlife Day, but do they provide resources with the Creative Commons license?

Government and NGO training programs work with locals around the world to protect biodiversity, but rarely are the sessions conducted in tandem with the social web. We continue to re-invent the wheel time and time again and wonder why we are standing still.

Open access and open education can change all that. Open education can motivate greater interactions among participants who are willing to look above the horizon and experiment with information sharing and the read write culture.

Not all is doom and gloom. Some institutions such as UNESCO are leading the way. We need more though.

Responsible travel and ecotourism ought to be at the center of a worldwide revolution to hack our communication and conversations for good, not evil. But for us to be effective, we need to learn how to make the most of the movement toward open access and open education. Open Education Week takes place this week, March 10-15, and this is the ideal time to conduct a simple inventory:

1. Are there examples of open education resources in conservation, parks and protected areas?
2. Are there examples of open education resources in travel and tourism?

You can contribute to the week by sharing information about specific Open Education projects, hosting a local event, promoting the week to your friends or by joining programs underway. There are plenty of events taking place this week.

For those who want a short-term goal beyond this week, let’s brainstorm about this: how do we make a showcase of open education resources focusing on parks and protected areas?

April 14 https://oer15.oerconf.org/conference-programme

Sharing is not a Crime: Diego Gomez/Colombia Story
Colombian Student Faces Prison – EFF@EFF
My Story – Karisma@karismacol
Student faces prison – Take Part@TakePart

2013 Notes
The second annual Open Education Week takes place March 11-15, 2013 (see schedule). Open Education Week is a five-day celebration of the global Open Education movement, featuring online and local events around the world, video showcases of open education projects, and lots of information. The week is designed to raise awareness of both the movement and its impact on teaching and learning worldwide.

Open Education refers to the growing set of practices that promote the sharing high quality, openly licensed educational resources (OER) and support for learners to access education anywhere, anytime. Open Education incorporates educational networks, open teaching and learning materials, open textbooks, open data, open scholarship, and open-source educational tools. The purpose of Open Education Week is to raise awareness of the open education movement and opportunities it creates in teaching and learning worldwide. Participation in all events and use of all resources are free an open to everyone.

For more info about Open Education Week, check out
http://www.openeducationweek.org and via twitter

Key Links

Creative Commons: As part of Open Education Week, Creative Commons and its affiliates are hosting and participating in local events and webinars on OER, Version 4.0 of the CC licenses, the Open Policy Network School of Open, and more. In addition, the School of Open will officially launch its first set of courses next week, including courses on copyright and Creative Commons for educators. Courses will be free to take and free to reuse and remix under P2PU’s default CC BY-SAlicensing policy. For more info about Creative Commons, check out


Setting the default to open

Connected Courses
A free, open, connected course to help teachers teach open, connected courses


Barn Raising

Cape Town Open Education Declaration (2007)
We are on the cusp of a global revolution in teaching and learning. Educators worldwide are developing a vast pool of educational resources on the Internet, open and free for all to use.

@wernerio talking about Cape Town Declaration +10 … original group who drafted the document @CherylHW @lpetrides @marknewlyn @OERcongress

Open Education: The Business andPolicy Case for OER from Cable Green

Elsewhere on the Web
On the role of openness in education: A historical reconstruction
Open Praxis is a peer-reviewed open access scholarly journal focusing on research and innovation in open, distance and flexible education. It is published by the International Council for Open and Distance Education – ICDE
Guerilla Open Access Manifesto

Open Practices in Higher Education: Trends and Possibilities for Africa – OER Africa



June 2012 Paris Open Education Congress
Why the future lies in Open Educational Resources
World Open Education Resources (OER) Congress
UNESCO Forum on Open Courseware
Are open educational resources the key to global economic growth? – Guardian

Open Educational Resources


JUNE 20-22, 2012

Preamble The World OER Congress held at UNESCO, Paris on 20-22 June 2012,
Mindful of relevant international statements including:
The Universal Declaration of Human Rights (Article 26.1), which states that: “Everyone has the right to education”;
The International Covenant on Economic, Social and Cultural Rights (Article 13.1), which recognizes “the right of everyone to education”;
The 1971 Berne Convention for the Protection of Literary and Artistic Works and the 1996 WIPO Copyright Treaty;
The Millennium Declaration and the 2000 Dakar Framework for Action, which made global commitments to provide quality basic education for all children, youth and adults;
The 2003 World Summit on the Information Society, Declaration of Principles, committing “to build a people- centred, inclusive and development-oriented Information Society where everyone can create, access, utilize and share information and knowledge”;
The 2003 UNESCO Recommendation concerning the Promotion and Use of Multilingualism and Universal Access to Cyberspace;
The 2005 UNESCO Convention on the Protection and Promotion of the Diversity of Cultural Expression, which states that: “Equitable access to a rich and diversified range of cultural expressions from all over the world and access of cultures to the means of expressions and dissemination constitute important elements for enhancing cultural diversity and encouraging mutual understanding”;
The 2006 Convention on the Rights of People with Disabilities (Article 24), which recognises the rights of persons with disabilities to education;
The declarations of the six International Conference on Adult Education (CONFINTEA) Conferences emphasising the fundamental role of Adult Learning and Education.

Emphasizing that the term Open Educational Resources (OER) was coined at UNESCO’s 2002 Forum on Open Courseware and designates “teaching, learning and research materials in any medium, digital or otherwise, that reside in the public domain or have been released under an open license that permits no-cost access, use, adaptation and redistribution by others with no or limited restrictions. Open licensing is built within the existing framework of intellectual property rights as defined by relevant international conventions and respects the authorship of the work”;

Recalling existing Declarations and Guidelines on Open Educational Resources such as the 2007 Cape Town Open Education Declaration, the 2009 Dakar Declaration on Open Educational Resources and the 2011 Commonwealth of Learning and UNESCO Guidelines on Open Educational Resources in Higher Education;

Noting that Open Educational Resources (OER) promote the aims of the international statements quoted above;

Recommends that States, within their capacities and authority:
a.Foster awareness and use of OER. Promote and use OER to widen access to education at all levels, both formal and non-formal, in a perspective of lifelong learning, thus contributing to social inclusion, gender equity and special needs education. Improve both cost-efficiency and quality of teaching and learning outcomes through greater use of OER.
b.Facilitate enabling environments for use of Information and Communications Technologies (ICT). Bridge the digital divide by developing adequate infrastructure, in particular, affordable broadband connectivity, widespread mobile technology and reliable electrical power supply. Improve media and information literacy and encourage the development and use of OER in open standard digital formats.
c.Reinforce the development of strategies and policies on OER. Promote the development of specific policies for the production and use of OER within wider strategies for advancing education.
d.Promote the understanding and use of open licensing frameworks. Facilitate the re-use, revision, remixing and redistribution of educational materials across the world through open licensing, which refers to a range of frameworks that allow different kinds of uses, while respecting the rights of any copyright holder.
e.Support capacity building for the sustainable development of quality learning materials. Support institutions, train and motivate teachers and other personnel to produce and share high-quality, accessible educational resources, taking into account local needs and the full diversity of learners. Promote quality assurance and peer review of OER. Encourage the development of mechanisms for the assessment and certification of learning outcomes achieved through OER.
f.Foster strategic alliances for OER. Take advantage of evolving technology to create opportunities for sharing materials which have been released under an open license in diverse media and ensure sustainability through new strategic partnerships within and among the education, industry, library, media and telecommunications sectors.
g.Encourage the development and adaptation of OER in a variety of languages and cultural contexts. Favour the production and use of OER in local languages and diverse cultural contexts to ensure their relevance and accessibility. Intergovernmental organisations should encourage the sharing of OER across languages and cultures, respecting indigenous knowledge and rights.
h.Encourage research on OER. Foster research on the development, use, evaluation and re-contextualisation of OER as well as on the opportunities and challenges they present, and their impact on the quality and cost-efficiency of teaching and learning in order to strengthen the evidence base for public investment in OER.
i.Facilitate finding, retrieving and sharing of OER. Encourage the development of user-friendly tools to locate and retrieve OER that are specific and relevant to particular needs. Adopt appropriate open standards to ensure interoperability and to facilitate the use of OER in diverse media.
j.Encourage the open licensing of educational materials produced with public funds. Governments/competent authorities can create substantial benefits for their citizens by ensuring that educational materials developed with public funds be made available under open licenses (with any restrictions they deem necessary) in order to maximize the impact of the investment.

Recommended Listening
Cable Green: open education and sharing – Director of Global Learning at Creative Commons International, and advocate of affordable universal access to quality education. – @cgreen @radionz @SaturdayRNZ
0:30 definition of OER – free and can adapt
1:30 example of textbook author
2:00 Because of the Internet, educational resources went digital. Digital things can be stored and shared with near zero cost. The legal reason we can share is Creative Commons licenses.
3:00 When people want to share, we want to make it simple and easy for them.
3:20 US example. US Department of Labor wanted to get people to work during a time of economic crisis, so they gave $2 billion to community colleges to build new curriculum. The requirement was that work was to be licensed using a Creative Commons attribution license. The public has full free access to all $2 billion of content.
6:00 The demand for higher education continues to go up
7:30 In a world of abundance where you can make copies, content ceases to have as much value as it once did.
8:15 What you pay for is when you need to be assessed
8:50 Universities will continue to exist. There are experiences you can get at the university you just cannot get online
9:30 Think about how you consume media. It’s become disaggregated. Maybe I cobble together a new degree
10:30 The teachers will be the arbiters of quality.
13:00 Business models are changing. Just the same way that we no longer have a big ice cutting industry. We have refrigerators. Times change when the technology changes.
15:00 Creative Commons New Zealand teaching examples …. They are proud of the resources they are building. If they want to share, make it easy for them to do so and encourage them.
16:00 Educators matter more than ever. In an age of information abundance teachers are becoming curators
20:20 Assignments are to update chapter 2 of the textbook … I’ve just set the bar very high
22:00 When you move to a new media, you have to ask: What can I do with digital I couldn’t do with analog. What can I do with open that I couldn’t do when it wasn’t closed.
23:00 The cost of textbooks fall to zero … The faculty have 2/3 of their students without the resources they need
23:40 Changing business models
24:oo Personalized learing pathway



2nd World OER Congress

As the Congress will be able to host only around 500 delegates, representatives of Government, NGOs, educators, experts, academia and industry, we feel that there is a need to create equal opportunities for those who cannot join us in Ljubljana and empower the OER community and every Member State citizen around the world to be part of the Congress.
For this purpose, the Government of Slovenia will engage with its multimedia stakeholders VideoLectures.Net, MiTeam and Ministry of Education with other press partners to produce a virtual experience of the event via the **//Virtual OER Congress//**.
All involved, remote and room participants, speakers and exhibitors will be able to access to online materials, share content, information on satellite events, sessions, documents and their key areas of interest in their profiles.
Notify your colleagues, friends and teams back home they can follow your work. The platform will be available until the end of 2017 and all registered participants will be able to share experiences, documents, discussions after the congress.
Registration at:
– Website: https://oer.mitv.si/ or
– iOS: https://itunes.apple.com/us/app/oer-congress/id1272161222
– Android: https://play.google.com/store/apps/details?id=tv.mediainteractive.oer


Thank you for your interest in contributing to Open Education Week. Open Education Week is a celebration of the global Open Education Movement. Its purpose is to raise awareness about the movement and its impact on teaching and learning worldwide. Participation in all events and use of all resources is free and open to everyone.
Please use this form to provide information on your contribution or event. Submitting your event through this form will allow us to show the strength of commitment to openness around the world. Your event will be featured in the Open Education Week schedule, on the world map of events, and will be sent through Open Education Week social media channels. You’ll also receive the official Open Education Week badge to display on your webpage or event promotional materials.
We welcome multiple submissions on any aspect of open education in any language. All contributions must have an open license that allows for reuse and modification, such as CC-BY. Contributions will be reviewed by the Open Education Week organizing committee before being posted to the website. Submissions that are not appropriate for Open Education Week will not be posted.
To ensure your contribution is featured during Open Education Week, please complete this form no later than 28 February 2017. Please fill out one form per submission.

March 8-10Open Education Global Conference (Cape Town, South Africa)

Hashtag: #OEGlobal



What is OER? From Creative Commons:
The William and Flora Hewlett Foundation
The William and Flora Hewlett Foundation
“OER are teaching, learning, and research resources that reside in the public domain or have been released under an intellectual property license that permits their free use and re-purposing by others. Open educational resources include full courses, course materials, modules, textbooks, streaming videos, tests, software, and any other tools, materials, or techniques used to support access to knowledge.”
OECD (Organization for Economic Co-operation and Development)
OECD (Organization for Economic Co-operation and Development)
“digitised materials offered freely and openly for educators, students, and self-learners to use and reuse for teaching, learning, and research. OER includes learning content, software tools to develop, use, and distribute content, and implementation resources such as open licences.”

“teaching, learning and research materials in any medium, digital or otherwise, that reside in the public domain or have been released under an open license that permits no-cost access, use, adaptation and redistribution by others with no or limited restrictions.”

Cape Town
The Cape Town Open Education Declaration
“[O]pen educational resources should be freely shared through open licences which facilitate use, revision, translation, improvement and sharing by anyone. Resources should be published in formats that facilitate both use and editing, and that accommodate a diversity of technical platforms. Whenever possible, they should also be available in formats that are accessible to people with disabilities and people who do not yet have access to the Internet.”

The Wikieducator OER Handbook
“The term “Open Educational Resource(s)” (OER) refers to educational resources (lesson plans, quizzes, syllabi, instructional modules, simulations, etc.) that are freely available for use, reuse, adaptation, and sharing.”

OER Commons
OER Commons
“Open Educational Resources are teaching and learning materials that you may freely use and reuse, without charge. OER often have a Creative Commons or GNU license that state specifically how the material may be used, reused, adapted, and shared.”

Diversity and Distributions (2019)
Open access solutions for biodiversity journals: Do not replace one problem with another
Publisher’s note – Wiley



Leave a Reply

Your email address will not be published. Required fields are marked *

This site uses Akismet to reduce spam. Learn how your comment data is processed.