New Report: Protected Planet Report 2018


  • Are there any video presentations, interviews or conversations about the report?
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About the report
Protected Planet Reports are biennial landmark publications that assess the state of protected areas around the world. They are based on the data contained in the World Database on Protected Areas (WDPA), jointly managed by UNEP-WCMC and IUCN, as well as other relevant resources.

Chapter 1. Introduction to the Protected Planet Report 2018
Chapter 2. Global Coverage
Chapter 3. Areas of Importance for Biodiversity and Ecosystem Services
Chapter 4. Ecologically Representative
Chapter 5. Effectively Managed
Chapter 6. Equitably Managed
Chapter 7. Well-Connected Systems
Chapter 8. Other Effective Area-Based Conservation Measures
Chapter 9. Integrated into the Wider Landscape and Seascape.
Chapter 10. Conclusions and Recommendations

Key messages from this report:
● There has been good progress in expanding the coverage of both terrestrial and marine protected areas (Chapter 2), with marine coverage increasing faster than terrestrial coverage. With concerted efforts from governments to implement national commitments, both terrestrial and marine coverage targets may be achieved by 2020.
● There is insufficient protection of areas of importance for biodiversity and ecosystem services through systems of protected and conserved areas (Chapter 3), however, significant progress has been made in the protection of Key Biodiversity Areas in coastal areas.
● Systems of protected areas are now covering a wider range of ecosystems (Chapter 4), with particular improvements in marine areas. However, the protection of offshore oceans and freshwater ecoregions is lagging behind.
● Protected areas that are effectively managed (Chapter 5) generally lead to improved biodiversity outcomes. However, only 20% of the total coverage of protected areas reported in the WDPA has been assessed for management effectiveness according to the Global Database on Protected Areas Management Effectiveness.
● Equitable governance and management of protected areas (Chapter 6) is a key aspect of Aichi Target 11. Although there are several methodologies and a framework for understanding equity in protected areas, assessments have been scarcely implemented.
● Connectivity between protected areas (Chapter 7) is key to maintaining the viability of populations and ecosystems. Metrics to measure connectivity at the global level have been developed and reveal that about half of the global protected area network is connected.
● A definition of ‘Other Effective area-based Conservation Measures’ (OECMs) (Chapter 8) and guidelines for their identification has been recommended for adoption at the CBD COP 14, however, a global baseline of existing OECMs is required.
● Integration of protected and conserved areas into the wider landscape and seascape (Chapter 9) requires sound spatial planning, which considers biodiversity while contributing to harmonised sectoral development.
● Looking forward (Chapter 10), governments and other stakeholders will shortly review options for a post-2020 global biodiversity framework. Spatial conservation efforts are critical to the conservation of biodiversity and sustainable development. The Protected Planet Report series will continue to provide timely information to facilitate the process of developing a new framework.

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Protected Planet


14th Biodiversity COP (2018)

Aichi Biodiversity Targets

Global Goals

International Union for Conservation of Nature (IUCN)

2019 – International Year of Indigenous Languages

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