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Wild Australia Links

Image: BHL, Wombat

What would locals like others know about Australia’s local biodiversity, parks, and wildlife? Spotlight on #WildOz with relevant links in a somewhat random fashion:

Headlines
‘Dingoes were here first’: the landowners who say letting ‘wild dogs’ live pays dividends – Guardian
@adamlmorton
Environment department tried to bury research that found huge underspend on Australian threatened species – Guardian
‘It’s an ecological wasteland’: offsets for Sydney toll road were promised but never delivered – Guardian
Research reveals shocking detail on how Australia’s environmental scientists are being silenced
Unesco urged to oppose ‘alarming’ changes to Australian environment laws

Let there be no doubt: blame for our failing environment laws lies squarely at the feet of government
NSW buys outback station in state’s largest single property purchase for a national park – ABC
This rainforest was once a grassland savanna maintained by Aboriginal people – until colonisation – The Conversation
Coronavirus crisis a ‘heaven-sent opportunity’ to reset national park tourism, advocates say – ABC
Kangaroos (and other herbivores) are eating away at national parks across Australia – The Conversation
Concerns Warrangama Dam proposal will impact Blue Mountains World Heritage area – ABC
Bob Hawke leaves behind an important environmental legacy
Experts slam dubious night parrot research after release of damning report – ABC
Yellow crazy ant invasion threatens Queensland world heritage rainforest as funding dries up – Guardian@readfearn
https://www.audubon.org/magazine/fall-2018/a-naturalist-checkered-past-rediscovered-long-lost

Twitter
@jones_ann
@richardMcLellan
@lis_mclellan
@EuanRitchie1
@sussanley
@james_trezise
@Parks_Australia
@ultimatemegs
@AusConservation
@NatureMapr
@CSIRO
@OutbackEco
@ModernOutback
@pumicegirl
@OEHmedia
@TasmaniaParks
@ConservationSA
@Wilderness_Aus
@TWSNSW
@BirdlifeOz
@awconservancy
@ParksVictoria
@wlt_au
@hsi_australia
@ParksForum
@conservbytes
@carolprobets
@bhl_au
@nicolekearney
@NCT_NSW
@EcolSocAus
@CarlaWildlife
@trustfornature
@wildlife_aus
@EchidnaW
@OReillys_GC
@GeoNatureSEQ
@TopEndBirds
@MareeTreadwellK
@MoonlitSanctuar
@CWSlive
@TropWATER
@peopleparks
@HelloParksWeek
@TWSQld
@Matt_HerringOz
@DingoResearch
@ABSAbirds
@BiodiversityGuy
@CSIROStaff
@ABSAbirds
@readfearn
@waparkswildlife
@BanksiaFdn
@Mikey_Whitehead
@hsiaustralia
@TSCommissioner
@connectxcountry
@nature_trackers
@Mikey_Whitehead

Legacy Twitter
@WPCSydney

Hashtags: #ozplants

Numbats
Prescribed burn devastates one of WA’s last two endangered numbat habitats – ABC

Australian Earth Laws Alliance
The Australian Earth Laws Alliance acknowledges that the sovereignty of the First Nations People of the continent now known as Australia was never ceded by treaty nor in any other way. AELA acknowledges and respects First Nations Peoples’ laws and ecologically sustainable custodianship of Australia over tens of thousands of years through land and sea management practices that continue today.
earthlaws.org.au
facebook
youtube
@earthlawsaus

Nature Glenelg Trust
natureglenelg.org.auFacebook

Ecologists buy 1,000-acre blue gum plantation and transform it into wetland it once was

Ecological Society
Ecological Society of AustraliaFacebookYouTube@EcolSocAus

November 22-26
In light of the current COVID-19 situation in Australia and associated travel restrictions, #ESAus21 will be moving online. This will enable the conference to be accessible to as many people as possible and reflect the breadth of work being conducted on Australian ecology.

Podura aquatica
Wikipedia

State of the Environment Report
https://soe.environment.gov.au
https://soe.environment.gov.au/download/reports
https://soe.environment.gov.au/download
https://soe.environment.gov.au/sites/g/files/net806/f/soe2016-overview-launch-version328feb17.pdf
https://twitter.com/CSIROPublishing/status/843594221949014016
https://blogs.csiro.au/ecos/biodiversity-snapshot
http://www.australiangeographic.com.au/topics/science-environment/2017/03/state-of-the-environment-report-highlights-economy-nature-conflict
http://www.environment.gov.au/minister/frydenberg/media-releases/mr20170307.html
https://coralreefwatch.noaa.gov/satellite/publications_hughes-etal_nature_20170316.php

State of the Environment Reporting

Mixed report card for environment

Northern Australia Environmental Research Portal
https://www.nespnorthern.edu.au
https://www.facebook.com/NESPNorthern
https://twitter.com/NESPNorthern

Spotlight: Yakka Skink
https://twitter.com/CSIROPublishing/status/843618121055387648
http://www.environment.gov.au/biodiversity/threatened/publications/yakka-skink-egernia-rugosa
http://www.environment.gov.au/cgi-bin/sprat/public/publicspecies.pl?taxon_id=1420
https://www.ehp.qld.gov.au/wildlife/animals-az/yakka_skink.html
Egernia

Also
http://www.territorynrm.org.au/single-post/2017/04/10/MEDIA-RELEASE-Central-Australians-rally-to-conserve-native-species-once-thought-extinct

2019 Open Letter
An open letter to the Prime Minister from 248 concerned scientists
Conservation scientists warn of ‘alarming’ decline in biodiversity in open letter to Government – More than 240 conservation scientists have penned an open letter to the Prime Minister warning of ‘alarming’ declines in biodiversity across Australia.
Australian scientists warn of ‘extinction crisis’ in open letter – SBS
Letter by 240 leading scientists calls on Scott Morrison to stem extinction crisis – Guardian
https://twitter.com/pgsincers/status/1188569337176608768
https://twitter.com/ANUFennerSchool/status/1188610728447504385
https://twitter.com/tderham/status/1188290855993405440
https://twitter.com/AusConservation/status/1188610293670141952


Birds
More than 860 species have been recorded in Australia, including albatross, gannets, emu, cassowaries, parrots, eagles, owls, frogmouths, lyrebirds and bowerbirds.
Birds Australia
Atlas of Australian Birds
Bell Miner – Wikipedia
http://www.birdobservers.org.au
http://www.wildlifeextra.com.au/go/news/painted-snipe.html
http://www.birdlife.org.au/get-involved/whats-on/bird-week
http://www.abc.net.au/radionational/programs/offtrack/twitchers-wave-farewell-as-annual-shorebird-migration-begins/5442242
http://farewellshorebirds.org.au@BirdlifeOz
http://birdlife.org.au@BirdlifeOzhttps://www.facebook.com/BirdLifeAustralia
http://www.birdfair.com.au
http://ebird.org
https://www.facebook.com/bitternsinriceproject
@ABSAbirds

Birds and Songbirds
http://www.abc.net.au/science/articles/2015/08/13/4292661.htm

Brush turkey
http://www.wildlife.org.au/wildlife/speciesprofile/birds/brushturkey.html
Australian_brushturkey
http://www.environment.nsw.gov.au/animals/AustralianBrushTurkey.htm

The Australian Bird Study Association aims to support, encourage and promote the study of Australian birds and to contribute to their conservation.
http://www.absa.asn.au

Where birdsong began – Why Australia’s birds came to be so extraordinarily intelligent, aggressive, loud, long-lived, and how Australia was the source for the majority of the world’s songbirds.

Tim Low – Naturalist Tim Low says Australian birds are noisier, more aggressive and more intelligent than in any other country in the world.

Birdland – What birds mean to Australians… and how we’d feel if they were gone. A unique collaboration between ABC Radio National and its listeners, brings you Birdland.

Bell Miner Associated Dieback occurs through sclerophyll forests on public and private lands in New South Wales, Victoria and Queensland. These forests are regionally important for plant and animal conservation, water catchment management, tourism and the production of honey and timber. This form of dieback is of national significance as it is spreading through forest ecosystems in eastern Australia.

Tawny_Frogmouth

Penguins
http://www.abc.net.au/am/content/2013/s3812358.htm

Spotlight: Total Environment Center
http://www.tec.org.au@angel4green
https://www.youtube.com/user/TotalEnviroCentre
https://www.facebook.com/totalenvironmentcentre
Environmental groups fear 20 per cent of open space will be lost in NSW@LucyCormack

Threatened Species
Australia’s first Threatened Species Commissioner was appointed in July 2014 to bring a new national focus and effort to secure our threatened flora and fauna. Gregory Andrews, part of the senior executive team in Australia’s Department of the Environment, took up the role, with support from a threatened species unit and an informal group of expert advisers. The Commissioner’s report on his first six months in the job outlines achievements in: growing community awareness and support; drawing attention to the threat of feral cats; and investing in threatened species conservation projects. It also highlights key findings and future directions.
http://www.environment.gov.au/biodiversity/threatened/publications/tsc-report-feb2015

How to defend your urban sanctuary @angel4green

Quotes
This land is cursed; the animals hop not run, birds run, not fly and the swans are black not white.
– Dirk Hartog (1688)

We do not accept the description of protected areas as being ‘locked up’, which implies that the only beneficial
use of land or ocean is for the extraction of commodities. It ignores the reality that protected intact ecosystems
are highly productive of multiple benefits. It also leads to the erroneous view that protected areas exclude people. With well over 100 million visits a year, protected areas in fact ‘open up’ access to land for healthy recreation. Importantly Indigenous Protected Areas also get Traditional Owners back on their country as well as generating significant employment and measurable improvements to community health and well-being – vital national goals.

A key benefit of healthy, thriving nature is the multi-billion dollar tourism industry with international nature tourism responsible for $19.5 billion in foreign exchange and strong employment, particularly in regional Australia…The Australian Alps skiing and mountain based tourism industry contributes at least $280 million per year while tourism in the Great Barrier Reef creates over $5 billion in economic activity.

http://conservationplanning.org/wp/wp-content/uploads/2014/03/Letter-to-PM-from-WCPA-members.pdf

Related Hangouts
March 2015: https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=MZNco-iIxPg
May 2015: https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=thRV7MEXcsc

Parks Australia
Parks Australia
http://www.environment.gov.au/topics/national-parks
About the Environment Protection and Biodiversity Conservation Act
Facebook
Flickr
@Parks_Australia

Blogs
blog.parksaustralia.gov.au

Facebook
Parks Australia
Wildlife Tourism Australia
KakaduNationalPark
Protect the Bush Alliance
https://www.facebook.com/wildlifeaustraliamagazine
https://www.facebook.com/wilderness.society
Australian Marine Conservation Society
https://www.facebook.com/wltau
https://www.facebook.com/timswildlife/

40,000 Images, 10th May 2014 - IDENTIFYING AUSTRALIAN RAINFOREST PLANTS,TREES and FUNGI Flickr Group

Flickr
Parks Australia
Black Diamond Images
Australia 2012 – Greg Johnson

Flickr Groups
Identifying Australian Rainforest PlantsMain Database Index
Australia Natural
Ecotourism Oceania
Marsupials and Monotremes
Parks Australia

Periscope
Parks_Australia

Elsewhere
Earth LearningFacebook
Colong Foundation for Wilderness
Australia’s Wildlife – Tourism Australia
Canberra Nature Map@NatureMapr
mdbarnes.wordpress.com@ultimatemegs
bushexplorers.com.auhttps://www.facebook.com/bushexplorers
andrewisles.comhttps://twitter.com/AndrewIslesBook
wildlifespotter.net.au
ceed.edu.au
decision-point.com.au
natureglenelg.org.au
Australia’s Outback Needs People – Pew Trusts
natureaustralia.org.auFacebookYoutube

Twitter Hashtag
#wildoz

Wild Australia on Twitter #ff #wildoz @ProfTerryHughes @jones_ann @ABCenvironment @StevenJMiles @NACC_NRM @Parks_Australia @Wilderness_Aus @EnviroVic @ConservationSA @ChristineMilne @nrsamdb @BirdlifeOz

Youtube
The Wilderness Society
ConsCouncilSA
BirdLife Australia

Rivers
Australian Rivers Institute

The Conversation
unknown wonders: Australia is famous for its natural beauty: the Great Barrier Reef, Uluru, Kakadu, the Kimberley. But what about the places almost no one goes? We asked ecologists, biologists and wildlife researchers…

Unknown wonders: Christmas IslandJohn Woinarski, Charles Darwin University
Unknown wonders: Wolfe Creek CraterKenneth McNamara, University of Cambridge
Unknown wonders: RiversleighKylie Williams
Unknown wonders:Barmah-MillewaforestSusan Lawler, La Trobe University
Unknown wonders: KatiThanda-Lake EyreFran Sheldon, Griffith University and Richard Kingsford

https://theconversation.com/without-public-support-new-national-parks-will-fail-18286
National parks are the least locked up land there is

Reports
http://www.environment.gov.au/system/files/consultations/4601b513-c4dc-4bc1-808a-b8cfa0755b3b/files/strategy-nature-draft.pdf
http://www.environment.gov.au/system/files/resources/58321950-f8b6-4ef3-bb68-6f892420d601/files/biodiversity-strategy-2010.pdf

– read
https://www.theguardian.com/environment/2018/jan/21/australias-biodiversity-strategy-a-global-embarrassment-green-groups-say

http://www.placesyoulove.org/australiawelove
Read the FULL REPORT – The Australia We Love – a Comprehensive Survey of Australia’s Natural Systems PDF – 12.7MB)
@Places_You_Love

Biodiversity Month

Each September Australia celebrates Biodiversity Month which aims to promote the importance of protecting, conserving and improving biodiversity both within Australia and across the world.

Australia’s Biodiversity

Over 80% of its mammals are endemic – that is. found nowhere else in the world. Around half of the mammals are marsupials, mostly belonging to families found nowhere else (a few are found also in New Guinea, and the extreme eastern parts of Indonesia: the opossums of the Americas are in a totally different marsupial family).

Most songbird families found here are primarily Australian, often extending into New Guinea, the Pacific and Indonesia but quite different from Northern Hemisphere families. Several are found only in Australia or only in Australia and New Guinea.


Likewise there are many unique species amongst our retiles, frogs, fish and invertebrates.

Protection of Australia’s Biodiversity
Some 900,000 square kilometers is under some form of protected area status. There are still many ecosystems and species under threat, both within and outside of the protected areas.

Out of 20 threatened ecosystems around the world, 8 are in Australia

Australia has 7% of the world’s biodiversity.

Biodiversity
http://www.environment.gov.au/biodiversity/strategy/draft-strategy.html

Biodiversity and Climate Change
The implications of climate change for Australia’s biodiversity conservation and protected areas

Scientists predict major changes to biodiversity – Bush Telegraph
Climate change requires national parks rethink

Australia marine reserves network proposal 2012

Marine Reserves
Review of Australia’s marine reserves recommends winding back protections
https://www.theguardian.com/environment/2016/sep/06/australias-marine-parks-could-be-significantly-reduced-following-review@MikeySlezak
https://theconversation.com/why-are-australias-marine-parks-being-reviewed-so-soon-after-they-were-signed-off-40329
http://www.theguardian.com/environment/2015/feb/25/australias-ocean-marine-reserves-underprotected-and-under-threat
Marine parks plans fail to calm waters
Burke announces world’s largest marine reserve network
http://www.environment.gov.au/coasts/mbp/reserves/index.html
http://www.environment.gov.au/minister/burke/2012/mr20120614.html
protectourcoralsea.org.au
http://www.environment.gov.au/topics/marine/marine-reserves
Review of Australia’s marine protected areas set to be released

A review of Australia’s marine protected areas started under former Prime Minister Tony Abbott is complete and due for release in coming months.

Marine Biodiversity
nerpmarine.edu.au/hub-imagery/search

Overview
Australia’s Wild Habitats
Radio: A Question of Balance
Forests of eastern Australia are the world’s newest biodiversity hotspot

National Park Associations
npansw.org.au
npaact.org.au
npaq.org.au
vnpa.org.auFacebook

environment.gov.au
environment.gov.au

Recommended Viewing
Australia’s New Extinction Crisis – Tim Flannery shows that Australia is now on the brink of a new wave of extinctions, which threatens to leave our national parks as “marsupial ghost towns.” Why are species becoming extinct despite the tens of millions of dollars being spent to protect nature? And what more should be done? Flannery discusses his essay with Nick Feik.

http://www.pbs.org/wgbh/nova/earth/australia-first-years.html

Recommended Listening
If you’re not listening to this already, make it part of your #biodiversity playlist http://www.abc.net.au/radionational/programs/offtrack with @jones_ann

Flying for your life – Every year, millions of birds make a monumental journey between their breeding grounds in Arctic tundra and their wintering grounds in Australasia. But shorebird populations are plummeting, with seven of Australia’s 37 migratory waders on the Commonwealth threatened species list. In this four-part series, Off Track takes you further than it ever has gone before to find out why. @jones_ann
Fraser Island marks 25 years as world heritage site

Thursday 7 December 2017

Beach at Fraser Island
Beach at Fraser Island

It has been a quarter of a century since the world’s largest sand island was listed on the World Heritage register.

Geoff Mosley: a life for the environment
Geoff Mosley, the former director of the Australian Conservation Foundation, is one of the most significant figures of the environment movement in Australia. World heritage status of the Great Barrier Reef, recognition of the Alpine National Parks, preservation of Fraser Island – his achievements are many. And on Big Ideas he reflects on the history of conservation in Australia.
Our national parks need protection

Threat of extinction—how Australia’s environment law failed – Australia is home to plants and animals found nowhere else on the planet. How did a law designed to protect our rich environmental heritage fail so badly?

Sunday 5 November 2017
The ability of national parks to protect our natural heritage is being eroded, Carolyn Pettigrew says.

Threatened species – If there was an Ark for Australia’s most endangered species, what animals and plants would get a berth?

Listening to nature – Animal sounds and bird song have adapted to specific environments and habitats, but the use of sound has in turn shaped the evolution of different species. And that includes homo sapiens. Sound has formed us as social and cultural ‘animals’.

Neglecting the natives for fashionable fauna – Do Australians have a blind spot when it comes to protecting our own wildlife?

Survival of the cheapest – As nature is dying a death of a thousand cuts, how do we save what’s left? A panel of conservation experts consider the options.

Minute 27:25 Spending by tourists who visit national parks in Australia is 24 billion/year. Just the GST on that spending is more than what all government pays for protected areas
Minute 32:00 Citizen Science

Tackling Australia’s environmental crisis – Australia’s key national environmental law, the Environmental Protection and Biodiversity Conservation Act 1999, is currently undergoing a once-in-a-decade independent review.

http://www.abc.net.au/radionational/programs/bushtelegraph/bt-national-parks/5890814

Bush Telegraph takes an in-depth look at the state of national parks in 2014, what they contribute to public life and health, how they are impacting farming, whether we should commercialise them or if privately-funded parks are the answer to our country’s conservation effort.

Health sector the future for parks funding – Calculating the health benefit of visiting National Parks could help generate new funding for public land.
Monday 10 November 2014

Farmer says public don’t know reality of national parks – Grazier says under-resourced parks are not fulfilling environmental objectives and increasing fire risk. Tuesday 11 November 2014

Should national parks sell out to cash in? – Are commercial ventures such as logging or big tourism a good way to keep national parks functioning? Or is it more trouble than it’s worth. Wednesday 12 November 2014

Funding for private conservation parks is slowing down – Nature Conservancy says a rethink of Australia’s conservation funding is needed.
Thursday 13 November 2014

Research links parks to major health benefits – Findings come at a time when Australia’s national parks face criticism for being under resourced.
Friday 14 November 2014

The endangered bunyip bird boom – The Australasian Bittern makes a haunting sound like someone blowing across the top of an empty beer bottle, except it is amplified so much that it reverberates out of the swamp and right across the countryside. – @jones_ann

What lies beyond us? The literature of landscape – How have Australian writers, both past and present, interpreted and drawn meaning from our natural surroundings?

VIBs. Very Important Bandicoots – The released animals sprint out of the box so quickly that you barely get to see them, you just glimpse a stripy rump disappearing into a tussock.

One of our most obscure animals is on the verge of extinction – The collapse of one of Australia’s greatest conservation success stories.

The trouble with offsets – Environmental offsets are supposed to compensate for ecosystems and biodiversity that are bulldozed to make way for development. But there’s mounting evidence the policy is being subverted, as governments approve controversial offsets across Australia. Di Martin investigates.

Bushwalking conservation (March 2014) – Last week, the Prime Minister Tony Abbott made it clear that he thought too much forest was ‘locked up’ in Australia’s national parks.

Bird Interrupted – Recording birds in the wild has been called a kind of ‘benign hunting’, and enthusiasts often say their favourite bird is the next, the one that they haven’t seen or heard yet. But for Hollis Taylor, zoömusicologist, musician and composer, it’s not the next bird or the last, it’s the bird, the pied butcherbird.

Government reviews marine parks – Boundaries of marine parks won’t change but activities within them may.

The state and future of Australia’s temperate reefs

Paradise lost: Australia’s heritage jewels under threat – Two of Australia’s world heritage wonders—the Great Barrier Reef and the Wet Tropics—are at risk of being declared ‘in danger’. Both are threatened by climate and development pressures and as Sarah Dingle discovers, the Wet Tropics is suffering from years of government neglect.

Coalition to “stop” marine parks – The Coalition will stop the 2.3 million square kilometres of marine parks proposed by the ALP

Managing National Parks – Some states are arguing for more commercial activity within National Parks

New Earth: art and geology in colonial Australia – Until the early 19th century the great ‘southern’ continent had aroused very little interest – scientifically or in paint. Many saw it as ‘wanting’ in relation to the beauty and excitement of Europe. This ‘colonial’ attitude began to shift in the early 19th century with the arrival of an English clergyman-geologist WB Clarke and the Austrian-born painter Eugene von Guérard. Both men were captivated by the new science of geology and the uniqueness of the Australian landscape.

Australia’s extinction crisis – Tim Flannery investigates Australia’s efforts to protect its endangered species from extinction and comes away dismayed at the haphazard and ineffectual efforts that have been made so far.

The curious minds who made our science Australian – Peter Macinnis from Sydney is the author of a book titled Curious Minds – The Discoveries of Australian Naturalists. In this book he looks at the long line of naturalists who have traversed Australia in search of new plants and animals.

Hunters, fishers and environmentalists battle for the wilderness – For more than forty years, Australia rolled out national parks and more recently wilderness areas to protect both species and ecosystems. Along the way, wilderness became the holy grail for Australia’s environmentalists. Now, conservation protected areas, including wilderness, are under attack. State governments are considering ‘unlocking’ environmental assets for grazing, tourism, timber-getting and — most controversially — hunting.

Oh, there’s a platypus – A decade of drought in Victoria had a severe impact on platypus numbers, with many populations stranded from breeding stock in connecting river systems. Joel Werner travelled to Olinda Creek, and found that trapping the elusive animals is just as difficult as working out how to protect them.

Agenda 2012 – Australia will have a carbon price kicking in from July, we’ll have our first utility-scale solar energy plant up and running in Western Australia, and two more electric cars will hit the market.

Biodiversity – The record in Australia isn’t good. Australia has the worst mammal extinction rate in the world. So what are we doing wrong? What should we be doing to protect Australia’s special animals and plant life?

A walk in the park – and so much more! – Some good news about the environment: the number of national parks and protected areas in the world is on the increase. In this program we look at how governments and researchers are rethinking the world’s protected areas. We also broaden out and examine a project in Western Australia which seeks to strengthen ecosystem management worldwide.

Coral Sea Marine Park – Federal Environment Minister Peter Garrett has bookmarked the nearly one million square kilometre Coral Sea as a potential marine protection zone. However, he’s ruled out establishing a single large no-take area, quashing hopes of environmental groups for the creation of the world’s biggest marine park. So just what area should a Coral Sea Marine Park cover? What form and level of protection would be appropriate? And what are the implications for those who use the sea?

Grevillea ‘Robyn Gordon’Grevillea ‘Robyn Gordon’ is one of the best known Australian natives. Its spidery red flowers are found in gardens and on nature strips around the country. In the 1940s the late David Gordon annexed part of his sheep property, Myall Park in southern central Queensland, and began planting what is now a 132 hectare native garden.

Tiny blooms: painting Australia’s wildflowers – Gardens, flowers and the creative process—today we explore all three as we meet flower painter Christine Johnson, and follow the threads of inspiration leading to a new art exhibition entirely of Australian native flowers.

Australia’s rivers: An environmental assessment – Professor Richard Kingsford delivers the 2012 Eric Rolls lecture and offers an environmental assessment of the current state of the Murray -Darling basin, the Paroo river, Lake Eyre and the tropical rivers in northern Australia.

http://www.abc.net.au/radionational/programs/counterpoint/prepare-to-be-pecked/4956744
prepare yourself for a potential pecking by the Cracticus tibicen (Tibicin is Latin for flute –player or piper in reference to the birds melodious call) ….that is the black and white bird that is native to Australia and southern New Guinea.

Echidnas
Echidnas’ unusual mating habits revealed
Tasmanian researchers have discovered echidnas have some unusual mating practices, including engaging in group sex. Male echidnas competing for a lower number of reproductive female echidnas may even resort to tackling a partner while she’s hibernating.
E is for Echidna – Flickr
Piggy the puggle born on Gold Coast
http://www.abc.net.au/news/2016-08-05/echidnas-breeding-in-queensland-observed-in-southern-style-group/7692156
@echidna_csi

New: Bush Heritage Australia
bushheritage.org.auFacebook
@BushHeritageAus
bushheritage.org.au/their-future-in-our-hands.html
http://www.abc.net.au/rural/telegraph/content/2011/s3341387.htm

Tourism Campaigns
http://www.australia.com/campaigns/nationallandscapes/australiasnationallandscapes.htm
Tourism in national parks
The Boobook declaration

Enviro legislation set to go strategic – Australia’s single most important piece of environmental legislation, the Environmental Protection and Biodiversity Conservation Act, is about to be re-vamped and dragged into the 21st century.

Australia’s latest mammal extinction – the pipistrelle

How the wattle got its name
Naming Australian native animals

Cave painting helps date Australia’s extinct megafauna

Bogong Moth Sculpture - Museum of Australia

Insects
Bogong_moth

Ants
https://theconversation.com/australian-endangered-species-dinosaur-ant-21603

Mice
https://theconversation.com/tiny-desert-mice-could-help-save-australias-grasslands-from-invasion-68573
@CarlaWildlife

Megafauna
Imagine coming across a kangaroo three times the size of the great Red of today? Or how about a wombat the size of a small car? Did you see that two tonne hippo splashing about with the 500 kilogram Lord Howe Horned Tortoise?
http://museumvictoria.com.au/about/books-and-journals/books/science/new-releases/prehistoric-giants-the-megafauna-of-australia/
Australian_megafauna
Australia’s Megafauna – Late Night Live
Bullockornis

Diversity
Mammals – kangaroos and wallabies, koalas, wombats, bilbies, Tasmanian devils

A quarter of Australia’s mammal species are rodents.

Bettong
bettongs.org

Marsupials are the group of mammals commonly thought of as pouched mammals
http://www.ucmp.berkeley.edu/mammal/marsupial/marsupial.html
Marsupial
The only marsupial native to North America is the Virginia opossum.
talkorigins.org/faqs/marsupials.html

Quoll
Australia has four species of quoll: the spotted-tailed, the northern, eastern and western quoll. The spotted-tailed quoll and the smaller northern quoll are both found in Queensland. Spotted-tailed quolls are Australia’s largest native marsupial carnivore. Quoll Seekers Network (QSN) was established to raise community awareness of quolls in Queensland, gather information on quoll populations, and to help people enjoy living alongside quolls.

Tiger Quoll
http://www.abc.net.au/radionational/programs/bushtelegraph/spotting-the-tiger-quoll/4995926

Quoll

Bandicoots
Bandicoots were once widespread across grasslands and grassy woodlands of western Victoria and South Australia. By 1991, the subspecies was on the brink of extinction, primarily due to habitat loss and predation by introduced foxes and cats.
http://www.zoo.org.au/werribee/animals/eastern-barred-bandicoot
http://www.abc.net.au/rural/nt/content/201109/s3312222.htm

Kangaroo
kangaroo

Wallabies
Their long tails and strong bodies make balancing on rocky outcrops and ledges a breeze. (Photo)

Platypus
The platypus is native to eastern Australia, including Tasmania, and is extinct in South Australia. The platypus (Ornithorhynchus anatinus) is a semi-aquatic mammal endemic to eastern Australia from North Queensland to Tasmania. Together with the four species of echidna, it is one of the five extant species of monotremes, the only mammals that lay eggs instead of giving birth to live young.

Platypus – Wikipedia
Platypus – Evolution and Conservation
How to spot a platypus
http://www.dw.com/en/authorities-hunt-platypus-serial-killer-in-australia/a-38396202

Tasmanian tiger
Thylacine
The Thylacine Museum

Bilby
Bilby
easterbilby.com.au
savethebilbyfund.com
Saving the bilby is one of the most delicious things to do. Australian chocolate manufacturer and retailer Darrell Lea has been making chocolate Easter bilbies since 1994.
National Bilby Day is the second Sunday in September.
Bilby Summit –
https://www.theguardian.com/commentisfree/series/first-dog-on-the-moon-at-the-bilby-summit

Bats (Flying Foxes)
flying foxes (fruitbats)
Grey-headed Flying Fox – Wikipedia
http://ausbats.org.au
https://theconversation.com/not-in-my-backyard-how-to-live-alongside-flying-foxes-in-urban-australia-59893
http://www.smh.com.au/federal-politics/federal-election-2016/election-2016-greg-hunt-accused-of-breaching-caretaker-provisions-over-bats-20160531-gp7wd0.html

Beetles
Beautiful beetles

Reptiles
Reptiles – crocodiles snakes lizards turtles frogs

Salt-water crocs (‘Salties) of the Northern Territory are the largest of all living reptiles

Goanna
Goanna

Sand Goanna …. Gould’s Monitor Lizard… or ‘Galawan’ in Gundjeihmi language
Sand_goanna

Lace monitor
Lace_monitor

Dugong
http://www.abc.net.au/news/2012-05-30/reef-dugong-numbers-hit-20-year-low/4041452
A vulnerability assessment for the Great Barrier Reef: Dugongs
Shipping, nets, hunting remain poorly regulated, driving dugong to extinction, >95% decline in 40years on 2/3 of Barrier Reef
Dugong

Fish
whale sharks coral reef fish seahorses leafy sea dragon, rays (stingrays or manta rays)

Invertebrates – butterflies, glow worms, crabs and coral
nativefish.asn.au

The Yabby is a small freshwater crayfish endemic to South Eastern Australia.
nativefish.asn.au/yabby.html
http://www.australian-aquacultureportal.com/industrygroups/mix_crustaceans_yabby.html
http://australianmuseum.net.au/Crayfish
Common_yabby

Cuttlefish
http://www.abc.net.au/news/2014-05-20/welcome-back-giant-cuttlefish/5464518
http://www.abc.net.au/radionational/programs/bushtelegraph/cuttlefish-return/5467458

Frogs
Mating habits of the spotted tree frog all too familiar

Horse
Tales of Horses and Humans – A horsey Australia Day special. The horse plays a significant part in our national story. There are the stockmen – both indigenous and settler; the Light Horse Brigade; the Melbourne Cup; the Man from Snowy River; and Elyne Mitchell’s Silver Brumby children’s novels.
Brumby

Sharks
The whale shark has been described as the gentle giant of the sea. It’s the largest of all the sharks, in fact the largest of all fish, but it poses no threat to humans, feeding only on small organisms. In recent years the whale sharks has become threatened. Now researchers at the Ningaloo Marine Park along the coast of Western Australia have used quite mind-boggling technology to help count whale shark numbers – and the results are promising. For more information or if you have a picture of a whaleshark to submit go to: http://www.whaleshark.org
http://www.abc.net.au/rural/telegraph/content/2009/s2584435.htm

Wobbegong

Ants
Australia has roughly 4,000 species of ants
Green Ants

Eels
There’s something about eels – The eel has an image problem – an unsavoury reputation that arises perhaps in part from the false notion that they feed on rotting corpses – yet eels are one of the human race’s survival foods and they feature in mythology and creation stories throughout the ages. There’s Something About Eels combines science, literature, history, anecdote and culinary art to present a radio portrait of this most maligned, misunderstood and unusual creature. listen | download (40.1MB)

Seafood Industry Victoria
Australian Museum: Fishes
Decoding Mysterious Glass Eels

Threats
Mapping feral animals
http://feralscan.org.au

Australia has more endangered species than any other country. In fact, Australia has lost more than 50 species since European settlement.

With the exception of the dingo, Australia has no large, land-based carnivores. Consequently, many native birds and mammals were devastated by introduced species, particularly dogs, cats and foxes. Said one conservationist: “Foxes are hunted in England because they are a pest, so what did the colonists do but bring foxes to Australia so they could hunt them!”

No widespread pest problem has ever been eradicated.

Imported Species

Rabbits
In the late 1800s a rabbit plague was sweeping through the Australian colonies, ravaging new farms and threatening to cripple the fledgling colonial governments.
Rabbits in Australia
Thomas_Austin
http://mpegmedia.abc.net.au/rn/podcast/current/audioonly/bth_20080915.mp3
<ahref=”http://www.abc.net.au/rural/telegraph/content/2011/s3123008.htm”>’Rabbitscan’ is launched as part of a feral map
download

Toads
The cane toad, native to Central and South America, has invaded Australia by the millions since it was introduced on to properties near Cairns in 1935 as an unsuccessful biological control measure against the cane beetle.
http://www.townsvillebulletin.com.au/article/2008/04/05/12009_news.html

Camels
http://www.abc.net.au/rn/awaye/stories/2008/2360674.htm
http://www.abc.net.au/cgi-bin/common/player_launch.pl?s=rn/awaye&d=rn/awaye/audio&r=aye_20092008_2856.ram&w=aye_20092008_28M.asx&t=Saturday%2020%20September%202008&p=1
Camel

Dingos
Getting to know the dingo
Dingoes and ecology
http://www.jirrahlinga.com.au/Dingoes.html
Dingo Discovery Sanctuary and Research Centre
Iconic animals – the dingo
Dingoes display ‘unbelievable intelligence’
Are dingoes native to Australia? Bandicoots answer the question

Gould Group
Bush Telegraph: The Gould League, now known as the Gould Group, was behind one of the first environmental campaigns waged in Australia, and next year it celebrates its 100th birthday. Formed in 1909 and named after John Gould, a well known naturalist, the league was set up in an attempt to save Australia’s native bird species from the hobby of bird egg collection, the fashion of bird feathers, and general disregard for their habitats. School students from around the country were encouraged to join the league and take the Bird Lovers’ Pledge: “I hereby promise that I will protect native birds and will not collect their eggs. I also promise that I will endeavour to prevent others from injuring native birds and destroying their eggs”.

Grevillea
Grevillea

Flora
Australia’s Virtual Herbarium

kangaroo grass
Themeda_triandra

Invasive Flora: Prickly Pear
http://www.abc.net.au/rural/telegraph/content/2012/s3652360.htm
http://www.northwestweeds.nsw.gov.au/prickly_pear_history.htm

Elsewhere on the Web
Birds Australia
Wildlife Australia Facebook
Australian Wildlife Service
Australia Wildlife Conservancy Sanctuaries
Australian Wildlife Conservancy
Australian_Wildlife_Conservancy
http://www.environment.gov.au/parks/nrs/getting-involved/organisations/wildlife-conservancy.html
http://www.wildlife.org.au
Australian Wildlife Conservancy
Diana Fisher
http://www.redmap.org.au@RedmapMarine

ABC PM – Rumours of species extinction exaggerated
Australian Government – Conservation of Australia’s biodiversity
WWF Australia – Species
http://www.wildlifeextra.com.au
http://www.watermarkliterarysociety.asn.au
http://www.wildlifelandtrust.org.au
WLT Australia is a network of private lands providing habitat for native species. Showcasing wildlife, conservation and ecology news. Program of @hsi_australia

http://www.pewtrusts.org/en/projects/outback-australia@traill1
http://www.greeningaustralia.org.au@GreeningAust

Education
Australian Animals Care and Education
http://www.envirostories.com.au@EnviroStories
http://www.envirostories.com.au/wp-content/uploads/2014TTT/Totems/ES2014-CTLLS-Totems-WEB.pdf

Commonwealth National Parks
Kakadu National Park
Uluru-Kata Tjuta National Park
Booderee National Park
Norfolk Island National Park
Christmas Island National Park
Pulu Keeling National Park

Parks
http://www.environment.gov.au/parks/nrs/publications.html
http://www.environment.gov.au/about/structure/pa/index.html
http://www.environment.gov.au/parks/publications/index.html
Australian Alps National Park

The National Reserve System – Australia’s network of parks, reserves and protected areas – is a vital part of our national effort to conserve biodiversity. It protects examples of Australia’s distinctive landscapes, plants and animals for future generations, and is often referred to as nature’s safety net in the face of climate change. The Australian Government is investing $180 million over five years to accelerate development of the National Reserve System. This is one of the six national priorities of the Government’s $2.25 billion initiative Caring for our Country.
http://www.environment.gov.au/parks/publications/nrs/fact-sheet.html

Australian Alps

There are eleven national parks and reserves in the Australian Alps that cross State and Territory borders. These parks and reserves are collectively known as the Australian Alps national parks

‘It is not easy’: how science and courage saved the stunning Australian Alps

https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Australian_Alps

Heritage
environment.gov.au/heritage

Warrumbungle National Park
http://www.environment.nsw.gov.au/NationalParks/parkHome.aspx?id=N0035

Trees
Category:Trees_of_Australia
Corymbia_ficifolia
Nuytsia floribunda (Christmas Tree)
Bauhinia cunninghamii (Jigal Tree)
Eucalypts: A celebration
http://www.abc.net.au/news/2016-03-07/deciduous-trees-in-australia/7200608

Eucalyptus – Mapping the Genome of the world’s favourite tree
The genome of the world’s favourite tree – the eucalyptus has been mapped.

Desert palms ‘not so ancient after all’
Australian scientists say an often-told tourist story about how an iconic Central Australia palm came to be is nothing but a lovely myth.

Waddi tree – On the fringes of the Simpson Desert, separated by hundreds of kilometres, are three stands of Waddi trees which are a miracle of arid zone botany. Jacqueline Hodder from the University of Melbourne tells the story of this remarkable tree which grows up to 18 metres.

The name Eucalyptus means “well-covered”, referring to the little cap that pops off when the flower opens.

Desert Palms
http://www.abc.net.au/news/2015-04-03/aboriginal-legend-palm-tree-origin-central-australia-research/6369832
http://www.abc.net.au/science/articles/2012/03/07/3447620.htm

Quandong is Santalum acuminatumhttps://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Santalum_acuminatum

Boobook Declaration
The Boobook or ‘mopoke’ is the smallest and most abundant of Australia’s owls, living in all types of country where suitable nesting hollows exist. The call of the boobook has been adopted as a symbol of the ‘Boobook Declaration’, a call to action for biodiversity in Australia and our region.
http://boobook.org.au
http://www.abc.net.au/rural/telegraph/content/2010/s2802431.htm

Dinosaurs
http://aaodl.com
http://www.australianageofdinosaurs.com

Wattle
gazettal of Acacia pycnantha as Australia’s National Floral Emblem
Golden Wattle has been grown in temperate regions around the world for the tannin in its bark, which provides the highest yield of all the wattles.
Golden Wattle
http://www.wattleday.asn.au
Acacia_pycnantha
http://www.abc.net.au/rural/telegraph/content/2011/s3122200.htm
national emblem, Acacia pycnantha, green and gold
there were thought to be roughly 1300 species of acacia worldwide, about 960 of them native to Australia,

Heritage
Heritage
Australian Heritage Database
http://www.environment.gov.au/heritage/ahdb/legalstatus.html

Search
http://search.abc.net.au/search/search.cgi?form=simple&num_ranks=20&collection=abcall&query=parks

Flickr
Royal National Park NSW
Kakadu National Park
Alice Springs Desert Park
Grampians National Park
Parks Australia

Atlas of Living Australia
Atlas of Living Australia
Facebook
@atlaslivingaust

Digivol (Facebook, @AMDigiVol) is an online tool that enables volunteers to capture data and digitise collections held within museums, libraries, archives and herbaria. DigiVol is a collaboration between the Atlas of Living Australia and the Australian Museum

Australian Museum crowdsourcing website DigiVol sees spike in volunteers during COVID-19

This dates back to 1879 with the creation of Royal National Park (Australia’s first national park and the world’s second). While America, Canada and New Zealand were each creating vast, remote parks, Australia’s first parks (Royal and Ku-ring-gai Chase in Sydney, and Belair in Adelaide) were smaller and near urban areas, providing easy access to nature.

Read more: http://www.smh.com.au/comment/priorities-askew-when-parks-get-pushed-aside-20130616-2oc95.html#ixzz2XFQbaQdJ

There are eleven national parks and reserves in the Australian Alps that cross State and Territory borders. These parks and reserves are collectively known as the Australian Alps national parks

The government has announced a 25% expansion of the land held in national parks and nature reserves. So what does an extra 25 percent of national parks do to turn around our poor record on habitat, biodiversity and species preservation?
To tease all that, with me is the rural landscapes coordinator with the Australian Conservation Foundation is Corey Watts…
While the Australian Conservation Foundation supports the government committment it says more needs to be done. “About $8 million on average was spent annually by the Commonwealth over the last decade in purchasing new protected areas. Experts believe at least $50 million a year over the next five years is needed.”
Australia has more than 7,000 protected areas, including national parks and world heritage areas and a brand-new geopark.

The Australian Government, through Parks Australia, manages Commonwealth parks and reserves. These include areas located on Australian island territories and in Commonwealth waters. The majority of parks and reserves across Australia are managed by State and Territory Governments protected area management agencies. The Great Barrier Reef Marine Park is managed by the Great Barrier Reef Marine Park Authority.

The Australian Conservation Foundation is committed to inspiring people to achieve a healthy environment for all Australians. For over 40 years we have been a strong voice for the environment, promoting solutions through research, consultation, education and partnerships. We work with the community, business and government to protect, restore and sustain our environment.

Parks and Reserves – Environment Australia
http://www.environment.gov.au/parks/index.html
http://www.environment.gov.au/parks/publications/annual/

Environment Protection and Biodiversity Conservation Act (1999)
The Australian Environment Act: Report of the Independent review of the Environment Protection and Biodiversity Conservation Act 1999
http://www.abc.net.au/rn/nationalinterest/stories/2011/3149369.htm

Biodiversity
Biodiversity Summit
biodiversitysummit.org.au

Events
April Australian Heritage Week is an annual national celebration of Australia’s unique heritage. It is an opportunity for all Australians to join together to celebrate our shared and special heritage.
http://heritage-week.govspace.gov.au
http://www.environment.gov.au/heritage

Biodiversity Summit
The Biodiversity Summit 2009 takes place in the midst of important national and international processes including –
o National Biodiversity Strategy. The draft has attracted scathing criticism for being vague and ill-informed. The final version is due November 2009.

o Environment Protection and Biodiversity Conservation (EPBC) Act review. The EPBC Act is Australia’s national biodiversity legislation. The Act requires a 10-year independent review and the review panel is due to present its interim report in late June 2009, followed by a 5-6 week comment period. The final report is due in October 2009.

Review of the National Biodiversity Strategy
Public submissions on the draft Australia’s Biodiversity Conservation Strategy 2010-2020 have now closed.

Publications

order printed copy)

Background
The Natural Resource Management Ministerial Council , on behalf of the Commonwealth and all state and territory governments, invited public comments on the draft Australia’s Biodiversity Conservation Strategy 2010-2020.
The draft strategy is an important national policy document that will guide how governments, the community, industry and scientists manage and protect Australia’s plants, animals and ecosystems over the next ten years.
The consultation draft of Australia’s Biodiversity Conservation Strategy has been developed collaboratively by all State and Territory governments and the Australian Government, with advice from the CSIRO and the Bureau of Meteorology.
The consultation draft has been developed to replace the National Strategy for the Conservation of Australia’s Biological Diversity, which was agreed in 1996.

Biodiversity and Climate Change
environment.gov.au/biodiversity/strategy/draft-strategy.html
Department of Climate Change
Department of the Environment, Water, Heritage and the Arts
10th International Ecology Congress, INTECOL
Australian Biodiversity Information Facility
CSIRO
Centre for Tropical Biodiversity and Climate Change, James Cook University
National Climate Change Adaptation Research Network

Deserts
10deserts.org@10DesertsOz
wikipedia.org/Deserts_of_Australia
wikipedia.org/Tanami_Desert

Geoparks
UNESCO has launched the International Network of Geoparks programme. This programme has the dual objective of enhancing the value of sites, which act as key witnesses to the Earth’s history whilst creating employment and promoting regional economic development. A new internationally recognized label ‘UNESCO Geopark’, destined to become synonymous to environmental protection and development, will be awarded each year to some twenty territories which merit this distinction distributed all over the world. Eventually, up to 500 Geoparks will be recognized worldwide. The Division of Earth Sciences of UNESCO, after working with the International Union of Geological Sciences (IUGS) and governmental institutions, has taken the initiative to put together and coordinate national and international efforts, which deal with geoconservation, ‘geotopes’, ‘geosites’ or general geological heritage. The resulting Geopark Programme will operate in synergy with UNESCO’s World Heritage Centre and Man and the Biosphere (MAB) World Network of Biosphere Reserves.

A UNESCO Geopark:

Is a territory encompassing one or more sites of scientific importance, not only for geological reasons but also by virtue of its archaeological, ecological or cultural value;

Will have a management plan designed to foster socio-economic development that is sustainable (most likely to be based on geotourism);

Will demonstrate methods for conserving and enhancing geological heritage and provide means for teaching geoscientific disciplines and broader environmental issues;

Will be proposed by public authorities, local communities and private interests acting together;

Will be part of a global network, which will demonstrate and share best practices with respect to Earth heritage conservation and its integration into sustainable development strategies.

International_Network_of_Geoparks

Conservation Planning Group
http://conservationplanning.org
Twitter: Follow #ConsPlan

@Lepidochelys_ (Mélanie Hamel)
@RebeccaWeeks (Rebecca Weeks)
@Fuentes_MMPB (Mariana Fuentes)
@AlanaMGrech (Alana Grech)
@BobPressey (Bob Pressey)
@adriana_chac (Adriana Chacón)
@CraigieIan (Ian Craigie)

Trees
No other continent is as characterised by a single genus of tree as Australia is by the eucalyptus. And no other tree has been so significant culturally and economically to the people who live here: gum trees are used to make everything from the didgeridoo to mosquito repellent to paper.
http://www.abc.net.au/rn/latenightlive/stories/2009/2501237.htm
Great Barrier Reef, Australia

Spotlight: VicNature 2050
http://vicnature2050.org

spotlight
http://www.abc.net.au/radionational/programs/offtrack/national-parks-our-future-or-our-past/7290072

New
http://www.nprsr.qld.gov.au
Draft Queensland Ecotourism Plan 2013-2020

The Queensland Ecotourism Plan (draft for consulation) 2013 – 2020__ (PDF, 1.9M)* (‘the Plan’) has been released for comment, with the vision to make the state the number one destination in Australia and a world leader in ecotourism.

The Plan comes out of the inaugural Destination Q workshop held in Cairns in June 2012 and recognises that Queensland’s greatest competitive advantage is nature-based tourism in a unique environment. The Plan has a number of specific actions for development, such as delivery of a 20 year strategic plan for Queensland tourism, reducing red tape, improving decision making and government support, facilitating new investment, and improving tourism skills.

Final report
http://www.nprsr.qld.gov.au/tourism/pdf/final-ecotourism-plan-2013.pdf (PDF)

Australian World Heritage: keeping the outstanding exceptional
http://www.abc.net.au/environment/articles/2014/08/08/4063029.htm

On March 12, 114 Australian experts from the world’s leading protected area organisation, the IUCN World Commission on Protected Areas (WCPA), wrote an open letter to Prime Minister Tony Abbot urging the Australian government to take a path of leadership on nature conservation. Full text: http://conservationplanning.org/2014/03/wcpa-appeals-to-prime-minister-to-reverse-conservation-retreat

Questions: Was there an official reply? What do the Australian members of the WCPA expect to come out of the World Parks Congress?

Queensland Ecotourism plan (draft for consultation) 2013-2020
Queensland Ecotourism Plan

Trivia: The emu and kangaroo are animals which cannot walk backwards. They are featured on the Australian coat-of-arms, symbolizing forward progress.

Flowers

Wreath Leschenaultia (Lechenaultia macrantha) in midwest Australia. (Interesting spelling variation — via Florabase @Science_DBCA) https://florabase.dpaw.wa.gov.au/browse/profile/7583 ht @RichardMcLellan

Bingo
Australia – KoalaKookaburra – WildOz

Wikipedia
Drop bear
Quokka
A Million Wild Acres
Persoonia terminalis
Osprey Reef
Wallace Line

Features

Animals

Plants

Parks

Planeta.com

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