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Reading: Supporting Sustainable Livelihoods through Wildlife Tourism

Citation: “Twining-Ward, Louise; Li, Wendy; Bhammar, Hasita; Wright, Elisson. 2018. Supporting Sustainable Livelihoods through Wildlife Tourism. Tourism for Development;. World Bank, Washington, DC. © World Bank. License: CC BY 3.0 IGO.”

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  • Is this publication available in other languages?
  • When are the next events which focus on wildlife tourism?
  • From the viewpoint of the local, the visitor and the regulator, how do we assess carrying capacity and overtourism in wildlife tourism visits?
  • What other publications about parks and tourism are available with a Creative Commons license?

Excerpt:Creating Wildlife Tourism with Community Participation
Sustainable wildlife tourism does not occur on its own. It requires a set of conditions and expertise to benefit communities and governments. Effective planning, management skills, technology use, and stakeholder collaboration are required to deliver tourism’s economic and development benefits while minimizing potential adverse environmental and social impacts. Whereas tourism provides income-generating opportunities for communities, it must be properly developed and marketed to target consumers.

New technologies such as travel booking websites, social media marketing, and mobile apps give local communities and entrepreneurs opportunities to connect directly with consumers. Still, communities need greater access to, understanding of, and capability with these tools to fully leverage their power. Adaptive management techniques with ongoing monitoring are required to help communities engage, manage growth, optimize benefit sharing, and better understand limitations. One key factor in influencing the sustainability of wildlife tourism is ensuring that local communities benefit from tourism activities.

This publication was developed in part with funding provided by FIAS Development Partners under the FY17–21 FIAS strategy. Through the FIAS program, the World Bank Group and donor partners facilitate investment climate reforms in developing countries to foster open, productive, and competitive markets and to unlock sustainable private investments in sectors that contribute to growth and poverty reduction. The FIAS program is managed by the World Bank Group global practice.

This paper was written by Dr. Louise Twining-Ward, Wendy Li, Hasita Bhammar, and Elisson Wright with contributions by Benoit Blarel, Jaime Cavelier, Richard Damania, Bronwyn James, Shaun Mann, Urvashi Narain, Hermione Nevill, Talia Salem, Jim Sano, Claudia Sobrevila, Anna Spenceley, and Lisa Steele. The report was copyedited and designed by Wilsted & Taylor Publishing Services.

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